Digestive system is also known as Gastrointestinal System or GI Tract .
Digestive System is defined as a system in which food digestion and absorption take place .
Digestion is defined as the process in which food is converted into small form for the absorption of essential nutrient into the body from the complex form .
Digestion process take place in two processes –
Mechanical process – In that digestion process take place with in the mouth – chewing.
Chemical process – In that digestion process take place by the help of chemical ( acid secreted by GI Tract ) .
Digestive System Organ
It is divided into two forms –
Primary Organ – It’s contain the actual organ that play direct role on digestion .
Accessory Organ – It’s contain the organ that help in thedigestion not directly involve.
1. Mouth / Oral cavity
Mouth or oral cavity is a place where ingestion of food take place and in that place a physical or mechanical digestion take place . Its also a entrance gate for digestive system .It’s contain a set of 32 teeth which help in chewing.
Temporary teeth – It is a set of 20 teeth . It’s another name is milk teeth and it is found in child which dental formula is
Canines – 1
Premolars – 0
Molar – 2
Permanent teeth – It is a set of 32 teeth which is found in adult . Dental formula is
Incisor – 2
Canines – 1
Premolars – 2
Molar – 3
Function of teeth –
It help in cutting of food .
It help in Chewing of food .
It help in “pronounce words”.
It help us in “shaping the face”.
Function of Mouth
It start physical digestion process by cutting and chewing of food through teeth .
Vitamin K is also known as Phylloquinone and it is also a fat soluble vitamin .
Benefits of Vitamin K
It is useful for blood clotting because it’s make various protein that are needed for blood clotting and prothrombin is formed by Vitamin K . it is also given to child for prevention from VKDB ( Vitamin K deficiency bleeding ) .
Its also useful for wound to heal .
Also small benefits for keep bones healthy.
Source of Vitamin K
Green leafy vegetable such as : Kale ,Spinach .
Deficiency of Vitamin K cause
Firstly person may face bleeding disorder either external ( bleeding occur from outside the body ) and internal ( inside of the body ) .
Baby may face VKDB ( Vitamin K deficiency bleeding )
Vitamin E is a fat soluble Vitamin and also it is acts as Anti-oxidant. Vitamin E is very helpful for our skin and also treat different disease , so let’s know today some important points about Vitamin E.
Vitamin E function
Vitamin E prevents us from UV-rays side-effects and also from Anti-ageing .
Its act as Anti-oxidant so it is protect our skin damage caused by free radical formation ( free radical are compound found in our body when our body convert food into Energy ) .
It act’s as Anti-oxidant that stop the production of ROS ( Reactive Oxygen species – It is highly reactive chemical molecules formed due to the electron acceptability of Oxygen ).
Vitamin E widen the blood vessels so it’s prevents the blood clotting.
Treat some disease condition
Atopic dermatitis ( an itchy Inflammation of the skin ).
Fatty liver disease (accumulation of liver )
Slowing the progression of mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease.
Note : Vitamin E when taken with Vitamin C then it’s absorption increase .
Source of Vitamin E
Wheat germ oil is a richest source of Vitamin E . Wheat germ oil is extracted from the kernel of wheat germ .
Note : Vitamin E can be taken in excessive form it can’t harm but the condition is it is in natural form if it is in synthetic form then can cause disease.
Vitamin E deficiency cause
Chronic Pancreatitis – prolonged Inflammation of the pancreas gland .
Cholestasis – It is a condition in which the flow of bile from the liver stop or slows .
Cystic fibrosis – It is a life threatening disorder which damage the Respiratory and digestive system . In that it damage the cell that secrets the mucus by that thick and sticky mucus secret.
Primary biliary cirrhosis – It known as Primary biliary cholangitis today . It is an autoimmune disease of the liver . Slow progressive destruction of the bile duct of the liver causing bile and other toxins to build up in our liver and also cause cholestasis.
Crohn’s disease – A chronic inflammatory disease that affect the lining of the digestive system.
Short bowel syndrome or simply short gut – It is a malabsorption disorder due to non functional activity of Small intestine . Primary symptoms is Diarrhoea and dehydration.
Nerve and muscle damage that result in loss of feeling in the arm and legs .
Loss of body movement control.
Weakened immune system
Vitamin E work for the physiological process in sperm and due to lack of Vitamin person may face Infertility.
Vitamin D is also known as Calcifrol . It is a type of fat soluble vitamin.
Fat soluble Vitamin mean that they are absorbed in the lymph and are transport through the blood and also stored in the liver and fatty tissue .
Vitamin D is very useful for us. It’s absorb calcium and phosphorus for bone growth and growth and development and also to maintain our bone strength.
Benefit of Vitamin D
Its prevents from gestational diabetes and type 1 diabetes because it’s regulate the insulin label.
It’s also prevents us from flu .
Its useful for lungs as well as Cardiovascular system.
Also good for nervous system
Note : A reason behind an infant after drink the milk he/she lying in the Sunlight its because after taking the calcium sunlight makes the vitamin D and that vitamin D absorb the calcium from the milk and make bone strong.
Source of Vitamin D
Fortified food – such as fat spread and breakfast cereal.
Deficiency of Vitamin D cause
Poor growth and development
Its also cause the preterm birth .
It’s deficiency can cause preeclampsia.
Note : A dark skin person may have a problem for absorption of Ultraviolet rays due to Melonin .
Actually 17 year old boy /Girls or any teenagers so It’s mainly busy on studies and during their busy schedule he don’t take a adequate diet according to their body requirements. Actually a person take daily food and he / she think that it’s sufficient but it’s not .
So mostly prefer a Calcium and Vitamin D rich diet for him .
Pulses , Egg ,Meat contain protein that’s also beneficial for him .
Butter , Cheese , all other dairy products are contain sufficient fats that’s good for him .
Fruits and Nuts always given him they also beneficial for him during their study and weight gain.
Banana and milk both are taken together are really work up for all person of any age’s. Cut the banana in pieces into milk and boiled them together and after boiled take it . It’s really work up because It’s contain high Carbohydrates that’s increase weight.
And a one most important thing that we daily ignore and think it’s a time waste – Exercise and Jogging . It’s should be included in daily schedule because when we do study it’s our Mental work but if we prefer Exercise and Jogging it’s our physical work and that increase our appetite and digestion and it’s should be good for us .
Whenever your possessed good digestion then you take a healthy food time to time and it’s alao too good for their weight gain.
Only 15 to 30 min exercise is work for you . You don’t need to do 2 or 3 hour exercise. 15 to 30 min is sufficient and by their exercise their mood and body is also fresh .
If by proper diet and exercise he /she doesn’t gain proper weight then you should concern nearest doctor and they gave you advice and some tablets and powder for milk which really work . But take by concern doctor because they help you according to their physique.