Hepatitis is defined as an Inflammation of liver . It’s a liver disease.
Liver is largest gland of our body . It’s a accessory organ of a digestive tract .
the mean liver size is 7 cm for women and 10.5 cm for men . A liver span 2 to 3 cm larger or smaller than these values is considered abnormal. The liver weighs 1200 to 1400 g in the adult woman and 1400 to 1500 g in the adult man.
The primary functions of the liver are:
- Bile production and excretion.
- Excretion of bilirubin, cholesterol, hormones, and drugs.
- Metabolism of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.
- Enzyme activation.
- Storage of glycogen, vitamins, and minerals.
- Synthesis of plasma proteins, such as albumin, and clotting factors.
If any person liver damage then main symptoms are shown are as follows-
- Skin and eyes that appear yellowish (jaundice)
- Abdominal pain and swelling.
- Swelling in the legs and ankles.
- Itchy skin.
- Dark urine color.
- Pale stool color.
- Chronic fatigue.
- Nausea or vomiting.
Hepatitis Disease is inflammation of liver . It’s divided into 6 categories as like –
Hepatitis A – Hepatitis A Disease is caused by hepatitis A virus . In that mode of transmission is fecao- oral route .
Hepatitis B Disease – Hepatitis B virus cause Hepatitis B Disease. In that mode of transmission is blood serum or blood transfusion , infected needle etc.
Hepatitis C Disease- Hepatitis C disease is caused by hepatitis C virus . In that mode of transmission is Sexual.
Hepatitis D virus – Hepatitis D virus cause Hepatitis D disease. In that mode of transmission is perinatal transmission
Hepatitis E disease- caused by Hepatitis E Virus . Mode of transmission is fecao-oral route.
Sign and Symptoms
Symptoms are variable and include yellowing of the eyes, abdominal pain and dark urine. Some people, particularly children, don’t experience any symptoms. In chronic cases, liver failure, cancer or scarring can occur.
Hepatitis kit test
Prevention of hepatitis
- Get the vaccines for hepatitis A and hepatitis B.
- Use a condom during sex.
- Don’t share needles to take drugs.
- Practice good personal hygiene such as thorough hand-washing with soap and water.
- Don’t use an infected person’s personal items.